It's no secret that a beautiful appearance for a woman is an integral part of a successful career, a pledge of her sexuality and family happiness. That's why modern women do not expect a "miracle from nature" but prefer to actively pursue their appearance. Regular visits to the gym, proper nutrition, active types of hobbies and daily cosmetic care in many ways determine the external appeal. The desire to be beautiful and exciting is important for a woman of any age. But what to do when, cosmetics no longer hide the problem and, despite all the efforts, the face shows the first signs of age-related changes? Skin laxity, roughness of the relief, lackluster skin color, sagging of soft tissues (ptosis), formation of wrinkles and fine wrinkles on the face are the initial signs of tissue involution, which can’t be "closed". The totality of these features is associated with age-related changes, even if they are observed in young girls and undoubtedly require correction.
Threadlifting - filamentary meso-reinforcement of tissues is a new non-surgical aesthetic technique of strengthening and lifting of sagging tissues by implantation of self-absorbable sterile synthetic filamentous structures (analogue of suture material) based on polydiaxonone.
What is a meso-thread?
Meso-thread is a system consisting of a sterile thread of various diameters placed in the lumen of the injector needle. The thread itself is made of suture material - polydiaxonone. This material is characterized by high biocompatibility, inertness and elasticity. In tissues, the filament completely resolves within 6-9 months with the formation of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water. The injection needle is made of surgical steel and is absolutely sterile. Elasticity and flexibility of the needle allow it to flex and work in the zones of the relief difference. Due to these properties, the meso-thread can be installed in different planes with the capture of tissues of adjacent layers, as a result of which the procedure provides a three-dimensional volumetric modeling of the face and body cover tissues and a long resorption of the thread allows saving the result to 1.5-2 years.
How is the procedure of a thread lifting performed?
The procedure for entering meso-threads is low-traumatic and does not require the conduct of incisions.
Initially, an application anesthetic is performed with a special anesthetic cream. Such anesthesia allows you to abandon more traumatic injectable anesthesia, minimize the risk of reaction to anesthetic and significant hematomas. It is possible to re-apply the anesthetic to achieve comfortable and complete analgesia.
After anesthesia, the meso-threads are injected through puncture points that leave no traces on the skin. After inserting the miniature needle into the skin, the thread is easily detached and remains inside the tissues, and then the needle-conductor is removed from the skin. To achieve the best result, the needles are removed only after implanting the necessary number of threads for a given area.
Effect from the installation of meso-threads
Threadlifting triggers in the integumentary tissues two main processes - biodegradation and neocollagenesis. Biodegradation (resorption), the implanted thread is exposed. Complete resorption of the thread takes about 9 months. Simultaneously around the thread, new collagen fibers are formed, which are oriented in accordance with the arrangement of the meso-threads. Thus, around the meso-threads, a collagen frame is gradually formed, which keeps the tissues from sagging, tightens the skin, improves its quality and relief.
Improving the quality of the skin by stimulating metabolic processes, improving the trophism (nutrition) of tissues;
Condensation of flabby skin as a result of formation of a collagenous framework;
A delicate lifting effect is provided by contraction and pulling of tissues with fibers of newly formed collagen in a given direction (vector displacement);
The effect of filling and smoothing out the relief differences arises from the multidirectional introduction of mesonites into various layers of cover tissues;
Meso-threads indirectly stimulate muscle tone, preventing premature relaxation and stretching of the facial muscles;
When setting the meso-threads in the thigh and buttocks, a certain lipolytic effect is observed due to mechanical trauma to the subcutaneous fat and the destruction of fat cells, followed by their replacement with neocollagen; there is also a positive effect on striae (stretch marks) and relief differences.
The result of the reinforcement of the mezzanines is preserved up to 2 years.
The introduction of the meso-threads is painless, minor traumatic and short-lived; therefore it is well tolerated by patients. The rehabilitation process takes an average of 3-4 days. Immediately after the procedure, swelling and redness can occur in the areas of introduction of the filaments. When staging a large number of meso-threads, there may be small bruises. Also, in the field of active mimic movements, tingling sensations may appear. Usually all these unpleasant sensations do not require special treatment and go on their own for 4-7 days.
Advantages of thread lifting
- Safety (high biocompatibility with tissues and complete resorption of threads with the formation of water and carbon dioxide);
- Small traumatic procedure;
- Use of application anesthesia, which is easily tolerated by patients, the possibility of repeated application of analgesics to achieve comfortable anesthesia;
- Minimal rehabilitation period (on average 3-4 days);
- A short time for the procedure is 30-40 minutes;
- Ease of the procedure;
- Effective visible result, which is growing for another 1-2 months;
- The possibility of combining with other methods of aesthetic correction of involutive changes (mesotherapy, botulinum therapy, plasmolifting, peeling, contour plasty by hyaluronic acid-based fillers, etc.);
- Long-lasting effect of the procedure (up to 2 years).
The main indications for the reinforcement of the mezzanine
- Presence of involuntary changes in facial skin;
- Gravitational ptosis of tissues of 1 degree;
- Atrophic changes in the structure of the skin of the face and body;
- Laxity of the tissues on the buttocks, abdomen, arms and legs;
- Unevenness of the relief of the skin after liposuction;
- Age-related decrease in the elasticity of the tissues of the middle and lower third of the face;
- Static wrinkles of the face;
- Prevention of age-related changes;
- Differences in the face relief due to the formation or significant deepening of folds and furrows.
Types of meso-threads
To date, there are several types of meso-threads, resulting from the accumulation of clinical experience and the improvement of the technique of threadlifting.
Conventionally, three generations of meso-threads can be distinguished:
- Linear mono-thread with a smooth surface - stimulates the production of new collagen, create a skeleton in the skin and tighten flabby tissues.
- Threads in the form of "braids", nodules or spirals - additionally have a delicate lifting effect and limited filling effect;
- Meso-threads with notches (one-bifurcated) - additionally have the effect of vector (purposeful) movement of tissues to a given point (fixation point).
- Meso-threads with bidirectional notches are oriented in different planes.
- All three generations of meso-threads are designed to solve certain aesthetic problems, can be used either individually or in combination.
The aesthetic procedure for reinforcement the meso-threads is not very traumatic, easily absorbed by patients, provides convincing rejuvenation results for 1.5 to 2 years, but has its limitations for use. Such contraindications include:
- Infectious and inflammatory processes in the zone of planned implantation of meso-threads;
- Malignant neoplasms in the proposed site of the procedure;
- Early period after plastic surgery or setting of threads from another type of suture material;
- The presence of non- absorbable gels (fillers, tissue implants) in the area of the proposed correction;
- Propensity to form keloid scars;
- Feverish conditions (ARVI, URI, etc.);
- Individual intolerance to suture material or polyvalent allergy. In this case, it is necessary to conduct clinical tests that confirm or disprove the presence of allergies;
- Autoimmune diseases, collagenoses;
- Mental diseases;
- Diseases associated with bleeding disorders;
- Reception of anticoagulants or immunosuppressors;
- Pregnancy and lactation;
- Exaggerated expectations of the patient.
The use of meso-threads in aesthetic medicine is the method of choice for effective and safe rejuvenation, delicate thread lifting, improving the elasticity and tone of the skin, improving trophism of tissues and stimulating the process of neocollagenesis.
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